When the question arises as to how the bath and sauna are trimmed, than to sew it, not everyone understands that the question is not the easiest. It is believed that the wooden finish is the most optimal, but this is when it comes to the inner skin of the steam room. In all other cases, you can use the huge variety that the market offers today.
For example, the cloakroom can simply be plastered, partially done with a facing brick or tile. External finish, in general, is not limited in any way. Of course, if the baths and saunas were built of logs or timber, then no cladding can go. Log houses baths or saunas simply varnished and treated with protective compounds. Rarely paint.
And yet there are finishing materials that are suitable for any baths for decoration both inside and out. This is the finish of the lining and block house. Let's look at these finishing materials and determine why they are so popular today.
Lining for finishing baths and saunas outside and inside
So, vagonka is a material from different grades of wood. It received its name, because it was used for sheathing of wagons. Although in America this material has been used for a long time for the plating of houses.
Today, more and more often the division of this material is done, as usual lining and the lining. How do they differ from each other? First of all, the quality of raw materials used. Evrovagonka - it's dry with accurate dimensions of the plaque without defects and defects (knots, resin spots and other).
If we talk about technical characteristics, then the differences are significant, especially in the size of the boards. For example, the thickness of the usual version is from 12 to 40 mm, the width is 70-120 mm, the length is 0.2-6 m in steps of 20 cm, the size of the spike is 4-5 cm.
In the lining the thickness has certain exact figures: 13, 16 and 19 mm. The width also has the exact figures: 80, 100, 110 and 120 mm. The length varies in the range of 0.5-6 m in increments of 20 cm. The dimensions of the spike are 8-9 cm. That is, if you choose just the lining, then this is the guarantee of the exact dimensions. In the usual version, there are certain errors, for some manufacturers they reach 1 cm.
Why such a large spread in length?
- First, it is the ability to correctly choose the right size for specific needs.
- Secondly, it is savings when pruning.
- Thirdly, this is a direct designation of lamellas: long ones are used usually for finishing walls, ceilings and other large planes, short ones are used for finishing eaves of roofing structures.
Usually the lining is not divided by any characteristics. The main difference is the wood used. But the usual material is divided into several varieties.
- Variety A. Knots with a diameter equal to 30% of the width of the lamella are allowed. There may be cracks, only blind ones of up to 10 cm in length. If they are through, then only at the ends and not more than the width of the board. Resin pockets should be hidden. By the way, their size should not exceed 3x20 mm, and their number should not exceed two by one meter in length.
- Variety B. Here is a large list of allowed defects. But there are certain limitations: it is not allowed to have rotten knots, as well as sewn knots, there may be resin pockets in the presence, but not more than 50 mm.
- Variety C. In principle, this material collects all the flaws in the wood. Therefore, there is such a pile of pennies, and it is rarely used where, well, if only for shed lining.
Finishing block house outside and inside
It should be noted that several variants of this material are hidden under the name block-house. It can be a block house made of wood, metal, plastic, vinyl. Since the theme of our article is the finishing of baths and saunas, then no polymer materials and metal, all about wood.
The word itself is translated from English as a block house. And if in Europe it justifies itself, then in Russia under this name is hidden board, one side of which is flat, the other is convex, imitating a conventional log. That is, the block-house finish imitates the log structure. Like the lining, block house can be made from different types of trees.
Let us pass to the technical characteristics.
- At present, manufacturers offer two versions of block house: wide 190 mm and thickness 45 mm, narrow 140 mm thickness 27 mm. It should be noted that there is no GOST for this material (as well as finishing with block house), therefore these are only standard sizes that are not guaranteed by all manufacturers, which makes it possible to find boards with other sizes on the market.
- The length also does not have standards, therefore its range is 2-6 m.
- But there is a special requirement for the panel-house panels - the moisture of the material itself. It should not exceed 12%. And the whole point is that the finished product is already drying in special chambers. That is why block house is not cheap.
By the way, as in the case of clapboard, block-house is divided into varieties. Here, almost all the same defects and defects in wood. True, block house has a supersort, called "Extra". It is defective only by hand, it is a complete absence of knots, cracks, resin inclusions and so on. The most expensive grade. Such a block house expensive expensive saunas and saunas.
Wood for steam room
So, the steam room today can be sewn or lining, or block house. But both these elements today are made from different types of wood, which not all can be suitable for a room with a high temperature and humidity. Let's look at some of them.
- Linden. It produces beautiful planks that do not change their color under the influence of vapors. At the same time the steam room is filled with an unusual aroma. But the linden has an increased thermal conductivity, that is, in a steam room such a finish block house or clapboard will also be very hot, which can lead to burns if it comes into contact with it. In addition, under the lime finish will have to lay a thick layer of insulation, which leads to the expenditure of money.
- The aspen in the steam room is nonsense. It quickly becomes gray under the action of high humidity, it becomes raw and crackles. In all respects it is very similar to linden.
- Alder. This tree for the steam room is one hundred percent complete. Under the influence of temperatures, the color of the wood and its cognac aroma become only more intense. Does not change its properties under any load. The only problem is finding an even tree, which is why lining and block house from alder are rare, hence the high price of the product.
- Ash - also a good option. Its dense and elastic structure withstands high temperatures and high humidity. Incidentally, the ash belongs to valuable wood species.
- But the birch can only be cleaned dry premises. It is afraid of humidity and quickly loses its appearance, and the strength characteristics are sharply reduced.
- Oak is a magnificent tree in all respects. But the lining and the block house of it-the pleasure is not cheap. Usually they are used for finishing expensive baths or saunas.
- Larch. This is the most democratic option for finishing the steam room in the bath. Its structure is dense, heavy, larch does not fear anything. The only problem is the complexity in the processing, and therefore the production process is not easy, and the installation of lining and block house from this tree is very complicated. We add that the larch does not have good thermal insulation qualities, so under its finishing it is necessary to lay a good heat-insulating layer.
- Spruce and pine. For the finishing of steam baths and saunas, products from them are not used. Under the influence of high temperatures, both trees begin to cry with resin tears. In addition, under the influence of moisture, the wood becomes loose, so it quickly breaks down. But this is the cheapest option from all offered by the market. Therefore, most often the lining and block house of spruce and pine are used for cladding locker rooms and rest rooms. Although it should be noted that German and Finnish manufacturers began to offer a lining and block house of spruce, which is previously sanded by a special technology. These products require the highest quality raw materials without defects, especially for knots and resin pockets. Such materials can be used for finishing the steam room, a special coniferous aroma appears inside the room, which immediately relaxes the person.
There is still a large amount of wood that can be disassembled. Here, mostly expensive breeds, often exotic. For example, Abashi, Canadian cedar and others.
Than to finish bathhouse outside
And just a few words about how best to trim the sauna outside. In principle, there are no restrictions in the finishing materials. Everything will depend on what technology the bathhouse was built. If it is a log cabin, then, in general, it is not worth it to finish. Two or three layers of protective impregnation and a layer of good paint, and preferably a varnish.
If the bath is built of bricks, then the same lining or block house is perfect for these purposes. By the way, it is not necessary that the furnishings of the sauna and the sauna are carried out from the outside with wooden products (block house or lining), the polymeric materials or metal tasks will perfectly cope with the tasks assigned to them. You can also decorate such a bath with a facing brick.
So, now you understand that not any, even wooden decoration materials, can be used in the steam bath and sauna. But the main thing is to choose the right material both in texture and in tree structure.
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